Challenges of oil installations development for rural areas
Ebrahimi, M.S., Amini, Amir Mozafar and Keshavarzian, H., (2014), Challenges of oil installations development for rural areas. A case study of Iran. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 70-74.
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The oil industry has conflicts which centre around such concerns as widespread environmental degradation, human displacement, inadequate compensation for loses imposed in the oil producing communities and inadequate community level involvement which often leads to alienation between state and the indigenous population. The aim of this research was investigating the challenges of oil installations development for rural areas from the view point of Lavan Island residents in Iran. The research was conducted in the form of survey study. The population of the study included the rural resident in Lavan Island. The necessary data for this research was collected squarely by 135(with the use of Cochran formula) rural resident in Lavan island were sampled by using random sampling method. The reliability of questionnaire was calculated by cronbach alpha coefficient for different sections after conducting a pilot study for each structure separately calculated: economic factor 0.921, social 0.890, culture 0.894, infrastructural 0.965 and environmental 0.860 respectively. The results of this research showed that the oil industry could be had negative impacts for rural areas. The results of factor analysis showed that the negative impacts of oil industry development in Lavan Island included to: infrastructural, social, cultural, environmental and economic factors that five factors have explained 67% of total variance.
Keywords: Rural areas, Oil industry, Negative impacts, Lavan island, Iran.